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Cultural Tourism

Military Culture Festival tourist attractions

Gyeryongsan Mountain

Gyeryongsan Mountain

Gyeryongsan Mountain when seen from afar is no different from any other mountain. However, once one sees its beautiful valleys, boulders and trees hidden along its hills in person, one cannot help but be captivated by its magic and beauty.

With its highest peak at must 845.1m, Gyeryongsan Mountain is not a high mountain, but with its beauty and many viewing stones, was a major mountain of the Baekje Kingdom in the Three Kingdoms Era. It was named one of the 5 major mountains of the peninsula, Seoak, in the Unified Silla Kindgom Era.

Since prehistoric times, Gyeryongsan Mountain has been a hallowed site for religion and culture, and was at times considered an ideal site for a political capital. In modern times, Gyeryongsan Mountain has been a popular tourist destination, steeped in the rich heritage of traditional culture.

Cheonhwangbong Peak, Gyeryongsan Mountain

Cheonhwangbong Peak, Gyeryongsan Mountain

Cheonhwangbong peak, the main peak of Gyeryongsan Mountain, at just 845.1m, is not very high, but viewed from the city, is a formidable and imposing sight.

Cheonhwangbong Peak varies largely from season to season, a wonder of nature. The rising sun above the peak fills the heart with hope and courage during the sunrise festival held on the first day of each new year.

With the Cheonhwangbong Peak at the center, mountains and hills wrap around the area like a screen, with the Shirubong Peak and Gwanamsan Mountain to the east and the Guksabong Peak and Hyangjeoksan Mountain to the west. With crystal clear water abundantly flowing in each mountain stream, this area has been known as one of the 10 best places to live through the ages.

※ Access is restricted; military facilities protective zone

Guksabong Peak of Hyangjeoksan

Guksabong Peak of Hyangjeoksan

A peak east of Gyeryongsan Mountain at 574m high, the peak stands at the boundary between Eomsa Township of Gyeryong City and Sangweol Township of Nonsan city.

Facing Gyeryongsan Mountain, the Yeoncheonbong Peak ridge stretches to the left, and the Cheonghwangbong Peak ridge stretches to the right, providing unrivaled views of Gyeryongsan Mountain. At the peak lies the Cheonji Changun-bi, a stele of the creation of the heavens and the earth. Midway up the peak lies the Tortoise Stone, upon which the scholar Ilbu Kim Hang, author of the Jeongyeok, principles of the second creation. He is said to have built a school next to this rock and to have lectured his followers on the Jeongyeok.

Cheonmasan Mountain

Cheonmasan Mountain

Cheonmasan Mountain, standing behind the Gyeryong City Hall in Geumam-dong, provides views over the new downtown area of Geumam-dong, Gyeryong City. To the southwest the Hwangsanbeol Plains, the site of the infamous battle by the loyal General Gyebaek of Baekje, can be seen.

Also, toward the west, the Gaetaesa Temple, established by King Wang Geon of Goryeo after he fell the HuBaekje Kingdom and expanded the Goryeo Dynasty, can be seen, from a pagoda named the Cheonmajeong.

Gwaemokjeong

Gwaemokjeong VR panorama

This park steeped in history is located in Yongdong-li, Gyeryong City. It is said that people wanting to get away from the crowded cities traditionally moved and settled here.

They would sit here and talk about the mountain gods, planting trees as they did so. All the trees they planted were Zelkiva trees, and the name Gwaemokjeong comes from the Korean name for Zelkiva trees, Gwaemok.

Legend also says that the great monk Muhak passed through the area surveying its geophotoGraphy after Taejo Yi Seong-gye (the founder of the Joseon Dynasty) decided to move his capital to Shindoan, planting a stick in the ground. This stick is said to have grown into a large Zelkiva tree, which is so large it can be used as a gazebo; hence the name Gwaemokjeong (jeong is the Chinese character for gazebo).

Foundation Stones

Foundation Stones VR panorama

After founding Joseon, Yi Seong-gye decided to move his capital to Shindoan, to the south of Gyeryongsan Mountain. For 1 year, many young men moved wood and stones for the construction of the new palace, until 1 year later the work was suspended. The reason was that Shindoan was too far to the south of the kingdom, without access to the seas or water. Feng-shui wise, the geophotoGraphy resembled the city of Gaegyeong in the previous Goryeo Dynasty, which was bad luck to the new dynasty. It was suggested by Gyeonggido Governor Ha Ryun that work be suspended here, and the new capital be established at Hanyang.

115 foundation stones that had been moved here for use as the post stones of the palace survive, and have been preserved as regional cultural asssets since their designation by Chungcheongnam-do in 1976.

※ Access is restricted; military facilities protective zone

Sutyongchu Basin

Sutyongchu Basin

About 2km along the mountain stream to the west from the palace site at Bunam-li, Shindoan Township, lies a 4m-deep pool dug into granite rock under a 10m waterfall. This is the Sutyongchu Basin.

Lying to the west of Gyeryongsan Mountain, the basin is also known as Seoyonghcu (Seo meaning west), and legend has it that this is the site where a male (sut meaning male) dragon rose to the heavens.

The names Sutyongchu and Amyongchu come from the appearance of the two sites. In the case of the Sutyongchu basin, the shape of the water falling from the falls and the basin create the image of the male sexual appendage. The Sutyongchu and Amyongchu are thus related to ancient phallic worship, and it is said that couples wanting children would come and pray here.

※ Access is restricted; military facilities protective zone

Amyongchu

Amyongchu

To the east, in the mountain stream in front of Jaeseoksa Temple and above the Guryongwansa Temple, is a rock basin 12m wide and about 2.5m deep.

Legend says that a female dragon rose to the heavens here. The site is also called Dongyongchu (dong meaning east) as it lies to the east.

Like Sutyongchu, the name Amyongchu was given to the basin for its appearance. The pool dug into the wide stone, filled with clean water, is reminiscent to the sexual organ of the female.

These basins, filled with water that gives off a blue-black tint and surrounded by traces of pagan worship by the ancestors, who would light candles and offer prayers. Together with the legends of the dragons rising to the heavens, these traces of pagan religion show that the sites were long associated with the religious history of the Shindoan region.

※ Access is restricted; military facilities protective zone

Old House of Sagye (Eunnongjae)

Old House of Sagye (Eunnongjae) VR panorama

After Sagye Kim Jangsaeng, a scholar who gave birth to the philosophy of Yehak in mid-Joseon, was banished here as a result of the Gyechuk Oksa political purge, he gathered new followers including the reknowned Uam Song Shiyeol, Dongchungdang Song Jun-Gil, Choryeo Yi Yu-Tae, and Shindokjae Kim Jip, with whom he spent his last years. This house, erected in mid-Joseon times (1602), consists of 10 shingled-roof houses on a vast, 3,000 Pyeong plot of land. With gardens, old trees and ponds, it is the house of the first-born descendents of the Gwangsan Kim clan.

Sagye Pine Wind Trail

Sagye Pine Wind Trail VR panorama

Sagye is the pen name of Taedu Kim Jang-Saeng (1548~1631), the father of Joseon’s Yehak philosophy, teacher of Song Shiyeol, student of Yulgok Yiyi and a scholar and civil servant of the mid-Joseon dynasty.

The Sagye Pine Wind Trail begins from the Old House of Sagye (Eunnongjae) is a trail that takes about 1 hour to complete: Wangdaesan Mountain entrance(0.2km) → Moweonjae Divide(1.0km) → Wangdansan Mountain Peak(1.5km) → E-Pyeonhan Saesang Apts.(2.5km) → Dugyesa Temple entrance(2.8km) → Old House of Sagye(Eunnongjae, 3.0km)

Through this path that Sagye may have walked himself, with warm sunlight and cool breezes, hikers are greeted with the energy and spirit of traditional Neo-Confucianism on a journey briding the past and present.

Gyeryongdae Reunification Tower

Gyeryongdae Reunification Tower

The 36m-high Reunification Tower in the Gyeryongdae HQ located in Bunam-li, Shindoan Township, stands for the values of loyalty, dedication, intelligence, humanity and bravery of the national armed forces, who will protect the nation with determination and emerge victorious, ensuring the prosperity and growth of our people.

Military jets, tanks and other weapons are displayed around the Reunification Tower, which is being used as a national defense education site for visitors.

※ Access is restricted; military facilities protective zone

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